What Are Dental Fractures & Types of Treatment

These questions may be on your mind if you've recently broken a tooth or experienced some other trauma to your mouth. Dental fracture management is a delicate process involving proper diagnosis, an appropriate treatment plan, and regular follow-ups. Listed below are some common fractures and their treatments.

If you're concerned that your child has suffered an oral fracture, the first step in treatment is to consult with a pediatric dentist. There's no better time than now to take steps to protect their teeth. Treatment is divided into three classes, according to the Ellis classification. Class I involves chipped, detached, or eroded enamel, while classes II and III involve dentin, pulp, and tooth structure. They're extremely painful, and may even result in bleeding from the pulp or lips.

  • Apical or vertical fractures are the most painful type of dental problem, as they occur at the root of a tooth. They cause intense pain as pieces of the tooth are forced into the bone. While root canal treatment can alleviate some of the pain, in some cases a tooth extraction is required. A dentist can help you determine which type you have and determine the proper treatment. The sooner you seek dental treatment, the better.
  • Oblique subgingival fractures occur below the gum line. They don't involve the surface of the tooth. Instead, the damaged portion is below the gum line and the jawbone. This may result in root canal therapy or extraction. However, patients will often have to undergo extraction because of the risk of infection. Nevertheless, if you have a supragingival fracture, you may want to seek treatment immediately.
  • Root fractures involve the dentin, cementum, and pulp. The location determines the management process. If occurs in the apical third of the root, the prognosis is good. If it occurs in the coronal third of the root, however, this requires immediate stabilization and repositioning of the tooth. Fortunately, it is possible to successfully manage roots with the right dental care.

A root fracture usually involves an infected pulp. In this case, periodontal probing is required to assess the healing response and the survival of the pulp. The pulp may develop an infection in the root canal system if occurs in the coronal third. However, root canal treatment is only necessary when experiencing this. Most pulps survive fractures.

Types Of Treatment

  • Crowns are effective at covering the entire damaged area. They offer a practical fix for cracked teeth. They restore the appearance of the teeth and are thicker than veneers. Typically, metal, porcelain, and ceramic are used to create crowns.
  • Veneers are built with porcelain or composite resin which create colored shells that are produced to order. It is a go-to option for enhancing your smile. Dental procedures are intended to address both dental and aesthetic problems.
  • Dental implants are used to repair fractured teeth, especially those that are close to the gum line. This procedure is very simple!
  • Bonding is the least complex dental operation for a broken tooth. Dentists will fix and enhance the tooth's appearance with a simple composite material chip. The composite molding is then hardened by a blue light, which also secures the tooth.
  • Root canal work with infectious pulp Dentists advise root canal therapy to heal fractured teeth. To stop the illness from spreading, they first remove the infection before setting it in a crown.

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